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How to Write Methodology? A Step by Step Guide

You must talk about the research methodologies you employed in your dissertation or thesis. By outlining what you did and how you did it, the methodology or techniques section enables readers to assess the validity and dependability of your research. Write Methodology ought to contain:

  • Your method of research
  • How you chose or gathered your data
  • How you conducted your analysis
  • Any instruments or supplies you used throughout the research
  • Your justification for selecting these techniques

Generally speaking, the Write Methodology section should be written in the past tense.

Step 1: Describe your approach to methodology

Introduce your overarching strategy for conducting the research first for your Phd Dissertation Proposal Help. What issue or query did you research, and what kind of information was required to address it?

  • The finest methods for measuring, rating, categorizing, finding trends, and drawing generalizations are quantitative approaches (such as surveys).
  • For describing, interpreting, contextualizing, and acquiring an in-depth understanding of certain concepts or phenomena, qualitative approaches (such as interviews) work well.
  • A mixture of numerical measurement and thorough investigation is possible with mixed approaches.

You might also start with a description of the logic and underlying premises of your methodology, depending on your discipline and methodology.

  • Was it a theoretical or practical issue that you were trying to solve?
  • Why is this the best strategy for responding to your research questions?
  • Is this the accepted practice in your field, or does it need to be justified?
  • There may have been ethical or philosophical issues.
  • What standards of validity and rigor apply to this kind of research?

Step 2: Explain how you chose and/or collected your data.

The methods you utilized to perform the research should be fully described after you have outlined your overarching methodological approach or Write Methodology. Describe the methods, resources, and instruments you utilized to collect the data, as well as the selection criteria you used to choose the participants or sources. As TWH (2019) mentioned that there are two main categories that research studies often fall into: qualitative and quantitative.

Quantitative Techniques 


Tell us where, when, and how the survey was carried out.

  • How were the questions created, and what format (such as multiple-choice, rating scale) did they take?
  • How were volunteers found and chosen?
  • Did you use the internet, the phone, the mail, or in-person surveys, and how long did respondents have to respond?
  • What were the response rate and sample size?

The complete questionnaire might be included as an appendix so that the reader can see exactly what information was gathered.


Give a thorough description of the equipment, methods, and procedures you employed during the experiment.

  • What type of experiment was it (for example, a between- or a within-subjects design)?
  • How were volunteers found and chosen?
  • What equipment or modern technology did you employ for the experiment?

In experimental research, it is especially important to give enough detail for another researcher to reproduce your results.

Existing data

Explain how you gathered and selected material (such as publications or archival data) for inclusion in your analysis.

  • Where did you source the material?
  • How was the data originally produced?
  • What criteria did you use to select material (e.g. date range)?

Qualitative techniques

either focus groups or interviews Describe the setting, timing, and methodology of the interviews.

Participant observation: Describe the location, timing, and methodology of your observation.

current data Describe the process you used to choose the texts or images from the case study that will be the main focus of your research.

Step 3: Describe your analysis techniques.

The next step is to describe the data’s processing and analysis. Avoid becoming too specific; at this point, you should not begin presenting or discussing any of your results.

Statistical techniques

Your analysis in quantitative research will be supported by numerical data. How do you prepare the data before analyzing it, such as checking for missing data, removing outliers, or altering variables? could be included in the techniques section.

  • What program do you employ to examine the data? (e.g. SPSS or Stata)
  • What statistical techniques do you employ? (e.g. regression analysis)

Step 4: Assess and defend your methodological decisions.

If you did not approach your issue most conventionally, your technique should explain why you picked these specific methods. Explain why other approaches weren’t appropriate for achieving your goals, and demonstrate how this strategy adds new information or understanding.

You can state the drawbacks or shortcomings of the strategy you choose while demonstrating how the advantages exceeded them.

Tips for writing a strong Dissertation Methodology Help

Remember that your goal is to show how and why you utilized your methods following dissertation methodology help, not just to describe them, and to show that your study was thoroughly done.

Focus on your objectives and research queries.

The justification for your methods’ suitability for your objectives should be made abundantly clear in the methodology section, and you should persuade the reader that you chose the best approach to deal with your problem statement and research questions. Throughout the section, make connections between your choices and your dissertation’s primary objective.

Mention pertinent sources

By referring to previously published studies in the area, you can either:

  • Verify that you adhered to the recommended procedures for doing this type of study.
  • Describe how you considered several techniques and selected your strategy.
  • Show that you filled a gap in the literature with an innovative methodological technique.

Write for your readers.

Don’t delve into superfluous detail; instead, think about how much information is vital to provide. You probably don’t need to provide much background or rationale if you are employing approaches that are accepted in your discipline. However, if you choose a method that is less typical in your industry, you might need to defend and explain your methodological decisions.

In any scenario, your methodology should be a concise, well-organized piece that presents an argument in support of your methodology rather than merely a set of technical specifications and procedures.

Describe challenges.

Please describe any challenges you faced when gathering or interpreting the data. Detail the steps you took to reduce the impact of any unforeseen hurdles. Avoid any significant criticisms of your methodology and show that you used the most rigorous research practices available.


Shona McCombes (2021). Scribbr. How to Write Methodology | A Step-by-Step Guide. 


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